Arkiv för januari, 2009

Highlights from Mindolo during 2008

fredag, januari 23rd, 2009

Please read some highlights from our Mindolo project during the past year of 2008. Our chair person, Rolf Svanström, has compiled this information from the quarterly reports through out the year.

Download pdf: YRIC High Lights 2008 »

Zambiska kaffeodlare slåss mot snabbkaffet

torsdag, januari 22nd, 2009

Zambia är inte någon stor kaffeproducent. Den inhemska efterfrågan är liten. I denna före detta engelska koloni är det mest te som gäller.

– Trots att vi odlar kvalitetskaffe vill folk helst ha snabbkaffe, suckar Joseph Taguma på Zambia Coffee Growers’ Association.

I stor utsträckning saknas en medveten medelklass som efterfrågar ekologiskt kaffe och kvalitetskaffe. Till och med på Kooperation Utan Gränsers kontor är det Nestlés snabbkaffe som serveras. Kvalitetskaffet går istället på export till Europa och Nordamerika.

Dödsdomar omvandlade i Zambia

onsdag, januari 21st, 2009

Zambias president, Rupiah Banda, har omvandlat straffet för 53 dödsdömda fångar. Med anledning av detta förnyar Amnesty sin uppmaning till den zambiska regeringen att sälla sig till den långa rad länder världen över som redan avskaffat dödsstraffet.

– President Bandas omvandling av dessa domar gläder oss. Nästa steg bör vara att införa ändringar i lagstiftningen för att helt avskaffa dödstraffet i Zambia, säger Amy Agnew, ansvarig för Amnestys Zambiakampanjer.

De 53 fångarna fick sina domar omvandlade till tidsbestämda fängelsestraff eller livstidsdomar. I augusti 2007 omvandlade Zambias dåvarande president, Levy Mwanawasa, 97 dödsdomar till livstidsstraff.

Fastän ingen dödsdom har verkställts i Zambia sedan 1997 röstade landet emot den resolution (63/168) som FN:s generalförsamling antog i december 2008, en resolution som uppmanade medlemsländerna att införa ett
moratorium mot avrättningar.

Idag har 138 länder avskaffat dödsstraffet i sin lagstiftning eller i praktiken. I Afrika verkställs i stort sett i inga avrättningar, bara sju av de 53 länder som ingår i Afrikanska unionen genomförde avrättningar 2007: Botswana, Egypten, Ekvatorialguinea, Etiopien, Libyen, Somalia och Sudan. För 2008 finns det ännu inga siffror.

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Quarter Four Report from Mindolo 2008

måndag, januari 19th, 2009

This report covers the October to December marking the end of the SWEZAM year calendar of SWEZAM.
Extract from the report:

”Visiting the Dag Hammarskjöld crash site. This year, the trip to the crush site was on the 4th  of October, 2008 and not on
the actual day as usually used to be. It was most interesting to the new club members who were visiting the site for the first time and also interesting for the old members was to find a new man in charge of the site, Mr. Phiri. He is a new man at the site, and yet with new theories that took most of the visitors’ attention as he began to narrate the story concerning Dag Hammarskjöld’s mission up to the time of his death.”

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Questionnaire among girls in Kitwe

lördag, januari 10th, 2009

Level of self-esteem, social network and experience of school education among girls – a questionnaire survey in Kitwe, Zambia

Abstract

Health should be seen as a resource in daily life so people can feel satisfaction and social support network has been shown to have a significant impact on health. Another important determinant on health is education. There is a strong interrelationship between health and education. The centre of work in health education and promotion is the development of selfesteem. The aim of the study was to investigate the level of self-esteem, social network and experience of school education among girl’s 13-16 years, in Kitwe Zambia, in order to increase knowledge about how to learn to strengthen self-esteem and empowerment in girls. This investigation is a cross-sectional survey and we have chosen to use a quantitative method such as questionnaires. Our study received the approval of the University of Kristianstad Ethics Committee. The result shows that the girls think that the school is important for their future and that they enjoy going to school. But 34% of the girls felt that the school did not treat everybody the same and 50% of the girls were not involved at all in any student club. The results in our study showed that there were no statistical connections between level of self-esteem, social network and experience of school education. Our conclusion is that it did not matter what level of self-esteem the girls had, they had a good social network and a positive attitude towards school. A high level of self-esteem increases the young girls believes in themselves and that they can feel capable of taking a bigger part in the society. We hope that this study will underline the importance of women’s education, empowerment and selfesteem for their development. We believe that this may not change the world, but it is one good step in the development of a country.

Authors: Karin Strömberg, Gita Westerlund

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